The Journey from the Audubon Ballroom to the Shabazz Center

Malcolm X was assassinated on February 21, 1965 at the Audubon Ballroom, located in the Washington Heights section of upper Manhattan. The doors to the ballroom closed shortly after. Due to a lack of payment back taxes, the City of New York assumed ownership of the building in 1967, and for years, the fate of the Audubon Ballroom and Theater was uncertain.

The Audubon Ballroom, 1965
The Audubon Ballroom, 1965
The Audubon Ballroom in 1992
The Audubon Ballroom in 1992
The Shabazz Center Lobby
The Shabazz Center Lobby

Our Approach

Our Story


In the early 1990s, the entire site on Broadway from 165th St. to 166th St., including the ballroom, faced demolition. The grassroots community, along with Dr. Betty Shabazz, successfully advocated to preserve the Audubon building as a Memorial to Malcolm X and a permanent symbol of the African American’s struggle for equality.

After much debate, an agreement was reached to restore a section of the Audubon Ballroom as a designated Memorial to Malcolm X. Betty was integral to the planning for what would become The Malcolm X Memorial Center, with the intention to retire with a focus on further preserving the integrity of her husband’s legacy through the center. The operational structure, however, would not be implemented by the time of her fateful demise in 1997. However, with dedicated individuals spearheaded by Ilyasah Shabazz and Julio Peterson, the Malcolm X & Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center officially opened its doors to the public in 2005 in collaboration with the Shabazz family and Columbia University community support.


The space was designed by famed architect J. Max Bond Jr. of  Davis Brody Bond, the firm behind the September 11th Memorial and Museum, the Martin Luther King Center for Non-Violent Social Change, and the NMAAHC. Columbia University was also a philanthropic sponsor and commissioned Digital Knowledge Ventures and Ducat Media to create content on what was the most expansive work compiled on Malcolm and Betty’s lives and legacies anywhere in the world. Six touch-screen kiosks welcomed visitors in the Lobby to learn about two of the most important social leaders of the 20th century. Gabrielle Koren was commissioned to create a bronze life-size sculpture of Malcolm, which too greeted visitors on the Lobby level. It was Betty who approved the final monument. Upstairs, a wall-size mural welcomed visitors in the ballroom section of the Center. The mural highlights key historical events of Malcolm X’s life that Dr. Shabazz found important to preserve for future generations.


Today, the Shabazz Center serves as a home for the continuance of both Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz's work and legacy. The Shabazz Center is not a museum, but rather a functional and operational space that is both a living memorial and a space for education, culture and activism. In addition to events and exhibitions programmed by the center, the space is also available for use by organizations. Contact us if you're interested in visiting or using The Shabazz Center.

The second floor ballroom and mural

The second floor ballroom

Andrea Arroyo Exhibition

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